A German research team has just succeeded in generating and studying the Bose-Einstein condensate for the first time, using an unmanned space rocket. [Read More]
Summary… * Machine-Made
In 1995, researchers were able to prove that a fifth state of matter could be created at very low temperatures — the Bose-Einstein condensate.
In quantum mechanics, the Bose-Einstein condensate is used to conduct quantum experiments.
Until now, however, this special state of aggregation could only be generated using high-vacuum apparatus on Earth and the state was extremely short-lived due to gravity.
Researchers detected the Bose-Einstein condensate after cooling atoms to a temperature only one millionth of a degree above absolute zero (0 Kelvin).
DLR MORABA:T.In order to conduct experiments with Bose-Einstein condensates in space, researchers developed a chip made of rubidium atoms and, in January 2017, transported it aboard space rocket MAIUS-1 from Esrange Space Center.
Opinion… * Man-Made
In addition to the standard aggregate states of solid, liquid, and gas… matter can also have two other states: plasma and the Bose-Einstein condensate. A research team has now succeeded for the first time studying this last state. #Science #Trend
Source: Business Insider